Stamp duty land tax (SDLT) is a state government tax generally imposed on real estate transactions. While the history of stamp duty indicates that it used to be collected for a variety of reasons in many countries, the modern tax in Austalia most commonly reserved for the exchange of property.
Also referred to as transfer duty, this tax applies to any contract where the property is bought and sold, transferred to someone as a gift, or when creating a land trust. SDLT is mandatory in Australian states, and it’s the responsibility of the buyer to pay it to their state’s revenue office. It’s used by the state to fund things like emergency services, healthcare, and infrastructure.
How Much Is Stamp Duty?
Unfortunately, there’s no easy way to determine this. Your SDLT will depend on a variety of factors such as the location of the property, whether you’re an investor or homeowner, or if you’re a foreign purchaser.
Taxes can also vary based on whether you’re purchasing a residential property or a commercial one. Generally speaking, investment properties will have higher taxes than homes. You may be eligible for exemptions or concessions in some states if you’re a first-time buyer or senior citizen.
The best way to anticipate how much stamp duty you’ll owe on a property is to research your state and use a stamp duty calculator. You can simply enter the location and type of property you’re buying, along with some minor personal information, and a lender’s calculator can show how much you’ll need to pay on that property this year.
Bear in mind that SDLT varies based on the value of a property, so what you’ll pay this year can vary significantly compared to last year or next year. It’s a good idea to calculate stamp duty as soon as you can to give yourself time to plan for it.
Stamp Duty By Sate
Transfer duty amounts are determined on a state to state basis, and levels vary depending on property values. Here is a basic breakdown for residential properties in each territory.
Capital: The Australian Capital Territory has seven levels of transfer duty with the cheapest being $1.30 per $100 paid. As property values increase, you’ll be expected to pay a flat rate charge in addition to a percentage per $100 on the property. The highest level is a flat rate of $4.37 per $100 of property value. This is reserved for properties valued at more than $1,455,000. First-time home buyers may be eligible for concessions if the property is brand new.
New South Wales: This is Australia’s most expensive territory. SDLT is broken into seven levels with the cheapest being a 1.25% tax on properties valuing $14,000 or less and the most expensive being a flat rate of $150,490 in addition to a 7% tax on properties valuing over $3 million. First-time buyers are exempt on properties up to $650,000, but there are no concessions for pensioners.
Northern Territory: This is one of the more complicated states, and it’s recommended to use a calculator for their transfer duty formula. Y represents the property value divided by 1,000. Pensioner concessions are available for those over 70. (0.06571441 x Y²) + 15Y
Queensland: This state requires no transfer duty for properties valued no higher than $5,000. Taxes reach as high as a flat rate of $38,025 plus $5.75 for each $100 of property value for properties exceeding $1 million in value. First-time buyers are eligible for concessions on properties under $550,000.
South Australia: This state is more complex than most, as it has nine brackets of stamp duty varying for properties valued from no more than $12,000 to over $500,000. Taxes are comparatively cheaper, but concessions generally aren’t available.
Tasmania: This territory offers no concessions and has seven levels of transfer duty. The most common is a flat rate of $12,935 plus $4.25 per $100 of property value.
Victoria: Homes in this state are expensive, but concessions are offered to first-time owners and pensioners. Rates are separated into four brackets with the cheapest being 1.4% of the value on properties no more than $25,000. The most expensive is a tax of 5.5% for homes valued over $960,000.
Western Australia: This state offers some of the lowest home prices, but it also gives no concessions. The base tax rate is 1.9% on homes valued no more than $120,000. The highest level is a flat rate of $28,435 plus 5.15% for every $100 in property value exceeding $750,000.
If you are interested in even more business-related articles and information from us here at Bit Rebels, then we have a lot to choose from.